Location and Land Area



Samal Island lies between latitude of 6 degrees 54 minutes to 7 degrees 11 minutes 28 seconds north and longitude 125 degrees and 39 minutes 30 seconds to 125 degrees and 47 minutes 28 seconds East.


  • It is bounded on all sides by Davao Gulf, on the west by the municipal waters of Davao City, at north by the municipal waters of mainland Davao del Norte Province, on the east by the municipal waters of the provinces of mainland Compostela Valley and Davao Oriental.
  • The northwest portion of the Island Garden City of Samal is approximately 900 meters away from Davao City, the major economic center of Mindanao Island.
  • It is located at the Apex of Davao Gulf which is part of the summit of the Sulu-Sulawesi Marine Economic Region which is the richest zone for marine bio-diversity in the whole world.
  • Total land area is 30,130 hectares inclusive of all component islets, tidal flats and roads which is approximately 3.7% of the total land area of the entire Davao del Norte Province.
  • It is composed of 46 Barangays. Four (4) of which are unattached to the mainland, being located at Talikud Island in Kaputian District.


  • The Island has extensive mountain ranges, a number of isolated hills and uneven distribution of lowlands.
  • The eastern part of the island is mountainous. Swampy patches and stretches of sandy beaches are found in the areas along the west coast.
  • The tallest mountain ranges of the city can be found in Barangay San Antonio of Babak District with a height of 479 meters above sea level.
  • In Samal District it is in Sitio Tayapoc of Barangay Tagbitan-ag with a height of 532 meters above sea level.
  • In Kaputian District, Barangay Bandera has the highest peak with 400 meters above sea level.
  • The terrain has five (5) major slopes with 71.87% of land belonging to 0- 8% slope which are suitable for urban land uses such as residential, commercial, industrial and institutional.
  • Undulating to rolling terrain (8% - 18% slope) or 11.14% of the land area are suitable for intensive agriculture.
  • Land suitable for specialized agriculture have slopes ranging from 18% to 30% or 8.74% of the land area.
  • Hilly to mountainous terrain ranging from 30% to 50% slope or 6.1% of the land area suitable for specialized agriculture.
  • Lands with mountainous slopes (above 50%) or 2.15 of the land area will require more intensive and oftentimes, expensive management practices and structures.


  • Type IV climate with rain evenly distributed over the year.
  • Average annual rainfall intensity is estimated at 1,673.3mm to1, 941.8 mm while the mean annual temperature is estimated at 28 to 29 degrees Celsius, both are equal to that registered in Davao City (
  • Being strategically hidden at the Apex of Davao Gulf, the Island Garden City of Samal is sheltered from typhoons and tropical depression.